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Building shrines itself is Haram and equivalent to building a pagan Idol the prophet pbuh explicitly equated this act to idol building:

Prophet (pbuh) said : Do not make my grave an idol

In the book al-Jaami’ li’l-Bayaan byIbn Rushdit says:

Maalik (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about a stranger who comes to the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) each day. He said, That is not right, and quoted the hadeeth:

"O Allaah, do not make mygrave an idolthat is worshipped."

Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Tahdheer al-Saajid min Ittikhaadh al-Quboor Masaajid, p. 24-26.
Ibn Rushd said:

So he regarded it as makrooh to pass by it a great deal to send salaam on him, and to come there every day, lest the grave become like a mosque to which people come every day to pray.

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade that when he said, "O Allaah, do not make my mosque an idol."

See al-Bayaan wa’l-Tahseel by Ibn Rushd, 18/444-445.

Al-Qaadi ‘Iyaad was asked about people of Madeenah who stand by the grave one or more times a day, and they send salaams and make du’aa’ for a while. He said, “I have not heard of this from any of the fuqaha’, and nothing is good for the latter generations of this ummah except that which was good for its first generations. I have not heard that any of the first generations of the ummah used to do that.” Al-Shifa bi Ta’reef Huqooq al-Mustafa, 2/676.

so the prophet pbuh seems to associate the idea of building something over his grave as building an idol that the reason he says not to make his grave an idol that could be worshiped.
This point is worth noting since in many pagan influenced countries like India, Iran, Israel, and Pakistan. some Muslims have built shrines over the graves of saintly people and over time the shrines have become exotic and generously decorated with gold and jewels making the shrines magnanimous . Such shrines also attract non-Muslims/disbelievers who actually perceive the shrine as an idol to be worshiped in a similar way as the idolaters worship their idols. You can see the pictures below as how the non Muslims are making offerings to their shrine idol.

This is very common in India where the shrines receive up to 40% visitors from the non Muslims and the "Muslims" caretakers of the shrine accept donations and offerings to the shrine. In fact it is very common for disbeliever and outright vulgar Bollywood stars to visit the idol shrine of khawaja ajmer chisti in rajasthan, India.
These disbelievers would also never come to the Mosque or pray to one God but prefer to remain in the status quo of idolatry
Pirana Dargah - pirana dargah

Building shrines isforbidden in our shariah by mutawatir narrations and fiqh.

Shaykh Sayyed Sabiq Said inFiqh us SunnahProhibition of Whitewashing or Writing on a Grave.Volume 004 : Funerals and Dhikr. Fiqh 4.072. (from Fiqh-us-Sunnah) Section : Prohibition of Whitewashing or Writing on a Grave.

Jabir reported: "The Prophet, peace be upon him, forbade the whitewashing of a grave, sitting on it, or erecting any structure on it." (Reported by Ahmad, Muslim, Nasa'i, Abu Daw'ud, and Tirmizhi who said that it is a sound hadith) Tirmizhi reported this hadith with this wording: "The Prophet, peace be upon him, forbade the whitewashing of graves, writing on them, building on them, or stepping on them." Nasa'i, reported it in these words: "The Prophet, peace be upon, forbade building over a grave, adding anything to it, white washing it, or writing on it."

Building a Shrine is akin to making an Idol

"وثن"(another name of idol in arabic): an idol, which is an image created from gold or silver or any other type of an idol. Everything that is worshipped other than Allah is called "وثن".
The Prophet pbuh was aware of the mistakes of people of previous scriptures and how graves and tombs of pious people lead to exaggeration in reverence to pious saints, which caused them to build idols over the graves, hence our prophet pbuh ordered:

The Messenger of Allah may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "O Allah! Do not make mygrave an idolthat is worshipped. The anger on those who took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration was terrible."[Related by Ahmad (no. 7352,)Mawatta Book 9, Number 9.24.88]

Imam Malik said " سئل مالك رحمه الله تعالى عن الغريب يأتي قبر النبي كل يوم ، فقال : ما هذا من الأمر ، وذكر حديث : ( اللهم لا تجعل قبري وثنًا يُعبد ) Imam Malik (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about a stranger who comes to the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) each day. He said, ‘That is not right,’ and quoted the hadith, ‘O Allah, do not make my grave an idol that is worshipped. [al-Jami’ li’l-Bayan by Ibn Rushd Classed as sahih by al-Albani in Tahdhir al-Sajid min Ittikhadh al-Qubur Masajid, p. 24-26.]

Hence visiting shrines is more haram and akin to visiting temple to revere the Idol. This may take the person even out of the fold of Islam and therefore after clear knowledge has come to us we should level the graves and shrines as per the commands of Prophet pbuh to Ali RA who was entrusted with thepious work of the prophet pbuhof demolishing Idols and Shrines:

"Abu'l-Hayyaj al-Asadi told that 'Ali (b. Abu Talib)said to him: Should I not send you on the same mission as Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) sent me? Do not leave an image without obliterating it, or a high grave without levelling It. This hadith has been reported by Habib with the same chain of transmitters and he said: (Do not leave) a picture without obliterating it." [Sahih Muslim 2:2115]
Rasoolullah(SAW) sent Ali(RA) to level the graves. The maximum allowed height is one span as compared to the surrounding area as mentioned in other hadiths.

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Latest page update: made by aliabbasjp , Feb 24 2013, 9:32 PM EST (about this update About This Update aliabbasjp against islam to build dargahs - aliabbasjp

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